In 1932 in Kazakhstan was organized the first technical university called Kazakh Exploration Institute in which was created the first department of hydrogeology by Geological Committee of the USSR which based of existing Geological workers' school in the Semipalatinsk. In the same year it was made the first set of 18 full-time students in the speciality "Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology", which initiated the history of the department. In connection with the formation and development of the mining and metallurgical industries, and embarked on the industrialization of the country, in 1934 the Kazakh Geological Prospecting Institute was reorganized into the Kazakh Mining and Metallurgical Institute, and moved to Alma-Ata.
The first release of the Department of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology. Alma-Ata, 1937
Professor SV Okromeshko, known hydrogeologist, a member of the Turksib construction headed the department since the organization and until 1937. Graduate of the Leningrad Mining Institute after G.V.Plekhanov, in 1926 he worked in Kazakhstan in exploration trust, performed various hydrogeological and geotechnical studies.
Professor U.M.Ahmedsafin headed department from 1948 to 1952. Graduate of the Central Asian Industrial Institute, then Hero of Socialist Labor, Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR, doctor of geological-mineralogical sciences, laureate of the State Prize of the Republic of Kazakhstan, famous scientist-hydrogeologist. Professor G.M.Leonov graduated this department in 1944 and headed it from 1953 to 1955.
From 1955 to 1972. department was headed by a graduate of the Tomsk Polytechnic Institute, a specialist in the engineering geology, assistant professor S.V.Levin. This period is characterized by the establishment of close links with the department of production. S.V.Levin was included in the scientific and technical council "Kazgidrogeologiya" and the Scientific and Methodological Council of the USSR Ministry of Higher Education. The department was entrusted with the preparation of post-graduate students. During this period the PhD thesis defended: TK Aituar, M.S.Dzhumabaev, E.S.Yegorenkov, A.P.Kobzar, AD Kozhnazarov, DA Lahtyuk, Y.S.Lukyanchikov, V.F.Napreev, I.S. Crustaceans. In 1966, the department began production specialists by extramural studies.
Employees of the department in 1971
From 1972 to 1985 department was headed by a graduate of the department in 1949, corresponding member of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences, doctor of geological-mineralogical sciences, Professor S.M.Mukhamedzhanov. This period is characterized by new and significant rise of scientific and educational activities. In 1978 was moved to a new training and laboratory building, is actively built and equipped a training ground "Kapshagay", updated and equipped with laboratory soil science and soil mechanics, dynamics of underground water and simulation of hydrogeological processes, an hydrogeochemical laboratory is going to mini-fleet of the department, significantly expanding the number of classrooms.
During this period, annual production of young professionals of the department was the largest among the departments of this profile in the USSR and was 175 people. Within the framework of international activities, the Department annually produces up to 15-20 specialists from the Cuba, Nigeria, Cameroon. The department made series of economic agreements to carry out research work. At the department was entrusted with the responsible task of providing individual sheets of the State hydrogeological survey of scale 1: 200 000. During this period the department is directly involved in work on state food program, environmental protection and the search for alternative sources of energy due to the thermal waters, which are widespread in the country.
Teaching staff of the department in 1977
The first works were done on the study and use of groundwater for irrigation in Almaty, Zhambyl, Karaganda, Pavlodar and Semipalatinsk regions. The department conducted hydrogeological and engineering-geological mapping 1:50 000 mining area of the Lesser Karatau to develop forecast methods of geological environment changes under the influence of mining activities and the study of human activities on the optimal conditions for conducting an open and underground work in mines of the production association "Karatau". For the production association "Apatite" (Murmansk region of Russian Federation) carried out work on the development of water recycling processing factory for the purpose of environmental protection schemes.
In connection with S.M.Mukhamedzhanov’s transition to the Institute of Hydrogeology and Hydrophysics as Head of the Institute in 1985-1986, department was headed by Associate Professor E.S Yegorenkov.
From 1986 to 1991 the department was headed by its alumnus (1953), Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, State Prize Laureate, Professor S.J.Zhaparhanov. This period is characterized by the active preparation and publication of educational and training-methodical literature and implementation of research programs.
Protection of diploma projects in 1989
With the independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 1991 a new phase began in the history of department. From 1991 to 1995 department was headed by Associate Professor 1971 graduate A.G.Satpayev, during 1995-1999 the department was headed by candidate of geological-mineralogical sciences, N.E.Erezhepov. In 1994, the Department started to prepare graduates in the national language first time, started the preparation of educational materials in the national language, were published the first textbook on hydrogeology and engineering geology in the Kazakh language.
60-year-old chair of the anniversary.1992
From 2000 to June 2003, head of the department was candidate of geological-mineralogical sciences D. Kalitov. - a graduate of the department in 1984. From this time on substantially again in the new market conditions due renewed design and production hydrogeological and engineering-geological organizations of the republic, which allowed the passage of students to provide quality educational and industrial practices and employment of all graduates. Being CEO of a major research and production company, D. Kalitov today continues teaching and research activities at the department. From June 2003 to December 2008, the department was headed by doctor of technical sciences, professor V.Umanes - a graduate of the faculty of exploration KazPTI 1972, from January 2009 to February 2010, head of the department was candidate of geological-mineralogical sciences M. Zapparov, a graduate of the department in 1978. Since February 2010 to April 2012 the department was headed by candidate of technical sciences E. Kuldeev. From April 2012 to August 2014 the department was headed by Professor V. Zavaley. Since September 2014 head of the department was appointed a graduate of Kazakh National Technical University, candidate of technical sciences Y. Auelhan. The latest stage in the history of the department, taking the count from the beginning of the new millennium in 2000, the remarkable transition to credit system of training, set professionals in the bachelor on a new specialty "Water resources and water use", the opening of the postgraduate in the field of "Water resources" and "Hydrology" the first admission to doctoral studies by PhD program in the specialty "Hydrogeology". The department disposes hydrogeochemical and subterranean laboratories; laboratory of hydraulics, classrooms, a computer lab, a training ground in the area of the Small Karatau is the basis for the training of the hydrogeological and geotechnical practice.
Heads of the Department of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology from 1948 to 2012
Department of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology provided with computers. Equipped with individual classrooms where computers are connected to a local network with Internet access. Personal computers are also equipped with desktops faculty. Some audiences are equipped with projection techniques to demonstrate the educational material, as well as for the protection of diploma works. Since 2000, for the department began a new stage of development associated with the renaming of the names in the specialty "Hydrogeology, engineering geology and geo-ecology". The emergence of a new direction "Geoecology" was prompted by the increasing role of technogenic changes in the geological environment, requiring the need for training of qualified engineering personnel to conduct geo-ecological studies evaluating the ecological state of the geological environment and geo-ecological conditions of the forecast changes. In 2001, to solve the water problems of Kazakhstan connected with the intensive use for various purposes of surface and groundwater, the department a new specialty "Water resources and water use" and produced the first set of students was opened. Thus, until 2008 the department prepared engineers on two specialties: "Hydrogeology, engineering geology and geo-ecology" (qualification - mining engineer and hydrogeologist) and "Water resources and water use» (qualification - the engineer on Water Resources). Since 2004, Kazakhstan moved to a three-level system of education: Bachelor - Master - Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). Times of training: Bachelor - 4 years; Masters - 1.5-2 years; Doctorate - 3 years. The graduates are awarded the degree, respectively, Bachelor, Master, Doctor PhD.
With the transition to the new system under the current Classifier of bachelor former Engineering specialties: geology, prospecting and exploration of mineral resources; hydrogeology, engineering geology and geo-ecology; geophysics, technology and equipment for drilling of wells, oil and gas geology merged into one specialty "Geology and exploration of mineral deposits."
In this regard, based on the real needs of Kazakhstan specialists in geology with the availability of profiling graduating departments was decided to save the former engineering profile specialties within bachelor as specializations.
The required general education courses provide training and geological, and on set subjects chosen by the student individually, provided training on specialization, in this case, hydrogeology, engineering geology and geo-ecology.
Thus, until 2012 the department prepared bachelors and masters in two specialties: "Geology and Exploration of Mineral Deposits" (specialty "Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology") and "Water resources and water use" (specialization "Complex use and protection of water resources", "The use of groundwater resources").
In 2012 qualifier higher and postgraduate education of the Republic of Kazakhstan includes master’s and doctoral specialty "Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology." The department received a license to train specialists and produced the first set of master’s and doctoral students.
Goals and objectives
- Providing the conditions for a full, quality professional education, professional competence in the field of hydrogeology and engineering geology:
- Natural sciences, mathematics, pedagogical knowledge and base education, underlying the professional activity hydrogeologist;
- Professional knowledge in the field of solving problems of hydrogeology and engineering geology;
- Scientific knowledge in the field of hydro-geological knowledge and the methodology of acquisition:
- Experience and skills hydrogeologist;
- Research thinking and creative skills to solve the hydrogeological and engineering geological problems;
- Communication skills needed to address the problems of hydrogeology and engineering geology.
- Have an understanding of the objects, methods, and principles of organization of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology;
- To understand the current state and prospects of development of means and methods of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology;
- Acquire knowledge of the requirements of modern methods of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology;
- Have an understanding of relevant disciplines needed to solve theoretical and applied problems of various branches of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology;
- Know the methods and techniques of the study of objects of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology;
- Be able to select and use appropriate tools confidently Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology;
- Acquire knowledge in the field of hydro-geological processes and their influence on the formation of deposits of underground water.